Opened 11 years ago

Closed 9 years ago

#2430 closed defect (fixed)

QuerySet should be evaluated when used in boolean tests

Reported by: James Bennett Owned by: nobody
Component: Database layer (models, ORM) Version: master
Severity: normal Keywords: qs-rf-fixed
Cc: ferringb@…, harish.mallipeddi@… Triage Stage: Accepted
Has patch: yes Needs documentation: no
Needs tests: no Patch needs improvement: no
Easy pickings: UI/UX:


Currently, a QuerySet is not evaluated when being used in boolean contexts (e.g., doing if SomeModel.objects.all():); this leads to counterintuitive behavior, because it will always resolve to a True value regardless of whether it would return any objects when "actually" evaluated.

Adding a __nonzero__ method to QuerySet which does the evaluation would solve this.

Attachments (1)

nonzero_fix.diff (507 bytes) - added by anonymous 10 years ago.
QuerySet nonzero fix

Download all attachments as: .zip

Change History (14)

comment:1 Changed 11 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

Status: newassigned

comment:2 Changed 10 years ago by mir@…

I tried it out and this seems to have changed, at least under python 2.4. Can you test again, please?

>>> if models.Mailrule.objects.filter(quelle="aaaa"):
        print "boing"
>>> if models.Mailrule.objects.all():
...     print "yepp"


comment:3 Changed 10 years ago by mir@…

Resolution: fixed
Status: assignedclosed

Well, then I count it as "has been fixed."

comment:4 Changed 10 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

Resolution: fixed
Status: closedreopened
Triage Stage: UnreviewedAccepted

This has not been fixed, because evaluating it in the above context calls len() to be called on the QuerySet. This is a very bad idea if you have, say, 100K rows in the result set (it reads them all into memory). We do need to implement a proper __nonzero___ method that only looks for the existence of one row without consuming it (and this is only mildly hard because the rowcount attribute on a database cursor in SQLite always returns -1).

Reopening. I'll fix this one day. It's something that is needed.

comment:5 Changed 10 years ago by Michael Radziej <mir@…>

Well ... what you describe is actually a different from what has been reported.

Anyway, I'd propose to turn this into a query like:

select exists(select * from ...)

Unfortunately, this might turn out to be backend specific, too. For example, oracle doesn't like select queries without a table, IIRC. With mysql and postgresql, the above syntax works.

comment:6 Changed 10 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

Using an extra SQL query is not the way to go here; what if the query is time consuming?. We already have the result set. We just need to read the first row (in the cases where "rowcount" is not honoured on cursors) and if we get data back, cache it and remember to add it to future retrievals. A little fiddly, but not impossible and imposes no extra database load.

comment:7 Changed 10 years ago by anonymous

Cc: ferringb@… added

Changed 10 years ago by anonymous

Attachment: nonzero_fix.diff added

QuerySet nonzero fix

comment:8 Changed 10 years ago by mallipeddi

Has patch: set

I just submitted a simple patch which essentially adds a nonzero method to the QuerySet class. Inside the nonzero method, I fetch the first item via getitem call. This is either answered from the result cache (if any) or would result in a SELECT query with the LIMIT set to 1.

comment:9 Changed 10 years ago by mallipeddi

Cc: harish.mallipeddi@… added

comment:10 Changed 10 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

Keywords: qs-rf added

comment:11 Changed 9 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

(In [7030]) queryset-refactor: Converted the queryset iterator to be a real iterator and
only populate the result cache on demand. We actually populate the result cache
100 elements at a time, rather than one at a time for efficiency, but this is a
real win when the resultset contains 10,000 objects for example.

This also provides an efficient boolean (nonzero) test that doesn't use up
a lot of memory if you don't read all the results.

Refs #2430, #5987.

comment:12 Changed 9 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

Keywords: qs-rf-fixed added; qs-rf removed

comment:13 Changed 9 years ago by Malcolm Tredinnick

Resolution: fixed
Status: reopenedclosed

(In [7477]) Merged the queryset-refactor branch into trunk.

This is a big internal change, but mostly backwards compatible with existing
code. Also adds a couple of new features.

Fixed #245, #1050, #1656, #1801, #2076, #2091, #2150, #2253, #2306, #2400, #2430, #2482, #2496, #2676, #2737, #2874, #2902, #2939, #3037, #3141, #3288, #3440, #3592, #3739, #4088, #4260, #4289, #4306, #4358, #4464, #4510, #4858, #5012, #5020, #5261, #5295, #5321, #5324, #5325, #5555, #5707, #5796, #5817, #5987, #6018, #6074, #6088, #6154, #6177, #6180, #6203, #6658

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