Version 9 (modified by trac, 2 years ago) (diff)

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Trac Ticket Queries

In addition to reports, Trac provides support for custom ticket queries, which can be used to display tickets that meet specified criteria.

To configure and execute a custom query, switch to the View Tickets module from the navigation bar, and select the Custom Query link.

Filters

When you first go to the query page, the default filter will display tickets relevant to you:

  • If logged in then all open tickets, it will display open tickets assigned to you.
  • If not logged in but you have specified a name or email address in the preferences, then it will display all open tickets where your email (or name if email not defined) is in the CC list.
  • If not logged in and no name/email is defined in the preferences, then all open issues are displayed.

Current filters can be removed by clicking the button to the left with the minus sign on the label. New filters are added from the pulldown lists at the bottom corners of the filters box; 'And' conditions on the left, 'Or' conditions on the right. Filters with either a text box or a pulldown menu of options can be added multiple times to perform an Or on the criteria.

You can use the fields just below the filters box to group the results based on a field, or display the full description for each ticket.

After you have edited your filters, click the Update button to refresh your results.

Some shortcuts can be used to manipulate checkbox filters.

  • Clicking on a filter row label toggles all checkboxes.
  • Pressing the modifier key while clicking on a filter row label inverts the state of all checkboxes.
  • Pressing the modifier key while clicking on a checkbox selects the checkbox and deselects all other checkboxes in the filter.

The modifier key is platform and browser dependent. On Mac the modified key is Option/Alt or Command. On Linux the modifier key is Ctrl + Alt. Opera on Windows seems to use Ctrl + Alt, while Alt is effective for other Windows browsers.

Clicking on one of the query results will take you to that ticket. You can navigate through the results by clicking the Next Ticket or Previous Ticket links just below the main menu bar, or click the Back to Query link to return to the query page.

You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the Next/Previous/Back to Query links after saving your results. When you return to the query any tickets which were edited will be displayed with italicized text. If one of the tickets was edited such that it no longer matches the query criteria , the text will also be greyed. Lastly, if a new ticket matching the query criteria has been created, it will be shown in bold.

The query results can be refreshed and cleared of these status indicators by clicking the Update button again.

Saving Queries

Trac allows you to save the query as a named query accessible from the reports module. To save a query ensure that you have Updated the view and then click the Save query button displayed beneath the results. You can also save references to queries in Wiki content, as described below.

Note: one way to easily build queries like the ones below, you can build and test the queries in the Custom report module and when ready - click Save query. This will build the query string for you. All you need to do is remove the extra line breaks.

Note: you must have the REPORT_CREATE permission in order to save queries to the list of default reports. The Save query button will only appear if you are logged in as a user that has been granted this permission. If your account does not have permission to create reports, you can still use the methods below to save a query.

You may want to save some queries so that you can come back to them later. You can do this by making a link to the query from any Wiki page.

[query:status=new|assigned|reopened&version=1.0 Active tickets against 1.0]

Which is displayed as:

Active tickets against 1.0

This uses a very simple query language to specify the criteria, see Query Language.

Alternatively, you can copy the query string of a query and paste that into the Wiki link, including the leading ? character:

[query:?status=new&status=assigned&status=reopened&group=owner Assigned tickets by owner]

Which is displayed as:

Assigned tickets by owner

Customizing the table format

You can also customize the columns displayed in the table format (format=table) by using col=<field>. You can specify multiple fields and what order they are displayed in by placing pipes (|) between the columns:

[[TicketQuery(max=3,status=closed,order=id,desc=1,format=table,col=resolution|summary|owner|reporter)]]

This is displayed as:

Full rows

In table format you can also have full rows by using rows=<field>:

[[TicketQuery(max=3,status=closed,order=id,desc=1,format=table,col=resolution|summary|owner|reporter,rows=description)]]

This is displayed as:

Results (1 - 3 of 27874)

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Ticket Resolution Summary Owner Reporter
#30042 invalid Use of kwargs in the tutorial. nobody Jean-Paul Wilson
Description

Lines 360 and 361 of docs/intro/tutorial01.txt states:

"We aren't going to use this feature of Django in the tutorial." However, as the tutorial makes use of it, would it not be better to say: "kwargs are used in the URLconf in the 'polls' directory: name='index' "

Apologies if incorrect, I am just learning Django and going through the tutorial for the first time.

#30036 fixed Code example for using Paginator in a view makes redundant imports nobody bhch
Description

The code example in this section: Using Paginator in a view imports EmptyPage and PageNotAnInteger unnecessarily since Paginator.get_page() handles these exceptions internally.

I had to spend some time figuring out why these were imported and never used. I even thought the code example might be incomplete, until I checked the source code.

I think it's better to remove these imports as they leave the reader confused.

#30035 needsinfo many to many through table not recognisable in custom migration nobody Mayank Jain
Description

I have a model A having field b as many to many. I wanted to make b default through table's default id field to be UUID. If I do that using through table, the admin interface changes to Inline and I don't want that. So, I tried writing a custom migration to do that.

If I am checking the default intermediate table using apps.get_model it exists but when I use the same table in migrations it gives me error:

File "./manage.py", line 19, in <module>
    execute_from_command_line(sys.argv)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 371, in execute_from_command_line
    utility.execute()
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/
proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 365, in execute
    self.fetch_command(subcommand).run_from_argv(self.argv)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 288, in run_from_argv
    self.execute(*args, **cmd_options)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 335, in execute
    output = self.handle(*args, **options)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/commands/migrate.py", line 200, in handle
    fake_initial=fake_initial,
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 117, in migrate
    state = self._migrate_all_forwards(state, plan, full_plan, fake=fake, fake_initial=fake_initial)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 147, in _migrate_all_forwards
    state = self.apply_migration(state, migration, fake=fake, fake_initial=fake_initial)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 244, in apply_migration
    state = migration.apply(state, schema_editor)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/migration.py", line 112, in apply
    operation.state_forwards(self.app_label, project_state)
  File "/Users/mj/.virtualenvs/proj/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/operations/fields.py", line 70, in state_forwards
    state.models[app_label, self.model_name_lower].fields.append((self.name, field))
KeyError: ('app', 'A_b')
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Query Language

query: TracLinks and the [[TicketQuery]] macro both use a mini “query language” for specifying query filters. Filters are separated by ampersands (&). Each filter consists of the ticket field name, an operator and one or more values. More than one value are separated by a pipe (|), meaning that the filter matches any of the values. To include a literal & or | in a value, escape the character with a backslash (\).

The available operators are:

= the field content exactly matches one of the values
~= the field content contains one or more of the values
^= the field content starts with one of the values
$= the field content ends with one of the values

All of these operators can also be negated:

!= the field content matches none of the values
!~= the field content does not contain any of the values
!^= the field content does not start with any of the values
!$= the field content does not end with any of the values

The date fields created and modified can be constrained by using the = operator and specifying a value containing two dates separated by two dots (..). Either end of the date range can be left empty, meaning that the corresponding end of the range is open. The date parser understands a few natural date specifications like "3 weeks ago", "last month" and "now", as well as Bugzilla-style date specifications like "1d", "2w", "3m" or "4y" for 1 day, 2 weeks, 3 months and 4 years, respectively. Spaces in date specifications can be omitted to avoid having to quote the query string.

created=2007-01-01..2008-01-01 query tickets created in 2007
created=lastmonth..thismonth query tickets created during the previous month
modified=1weekago.. query tickets that have been modified in the last week
modified=..30daysago query tickets that have been inactive for the last 30 days

See also: TracTickets, TracReports, TracGuide, TicketQuery

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