Opened 3 years ago

Closed 12 months ago

#22288 closed Bug (fixed)

F() expression not compatible with __range field look up

Reported by: liushaohua86@… Owned by: Matthew Wilkes
Component: Database layer (models, ORM) Version: master
Severity: Normal Keywords:
Cc: github@…, josh.smeaton@…, matthew@… Triage Stage: Accepted
Has patch: yes Needs documentation: no
Needs tests: no Patch needs improvement: yes
Easy pickings: no UI/UX: no

Description (last modified by Tim Graham)

class TestModel(models.Model):
    a = models.SmallIntegerField()
    b = models.SmallIntegerField()

TestModel.objects.filter(a__range=(F('b')-1, F('b')+1)

TypeError: int() argument must be a string or a number, not 'ExpressionNode'

Change History (15)

comment:2 Changed 3 years ago by Baptiste Mispelon

Triage Stage: UnreviewedAccepted
Version: 1.5master


I can reproduce this issue on latest master as well as on 1.6 so it doesn't appear to be related to the new custom lookup feature.

Regarding your formatting issues, you can make code blocks on trac using {{{ code goes here }}}, as explained on the WikiFormatting page.


comment:3 Changed 3 years ago by Tim Martin

Has patch: set

I've had a go at fixing this, the commit is here:

I'd like feedback on this fix, since I'm not sure I fully understand the potential wider impact of the changes I've made (though it passes all regression tests). It also looks like the changes in the pull request for #14030 will interact with this.

Last edited 18 months ago by Tim Graham (previous) (diff)

comment:4 Changed 3 years ago by Anssi Kääriäinen

Patch needs improvement: set

I checked the patch. It seems we need changes to too many places just to support something__range=(F('foo'), F('bar')). The main issue is that we have many rounds of value preparation.

The main issue here is that we just don't handle the case here value is an iterable correctly for value preparation. While the above mentioned commit touches the area around range lookups, we should likely fix all the lookups to lists of F() objects properly. Even if the only other example in core is somefield__in=[F()].

It might be better to wait for #14030 before applying this one.

In addition the tests of the above patch aren't correct, the code checks generated SQL, but that SQL differs between backends (quote character is not always ", and some backends IIRC use upper case table names).

Sorry for delay in commenting this issue.

comment:5 Changed 2 years ago by Richard Eames

Cc: github@… added

Any chance that this can be looked into now?

comment:6 Changed 2 years ago by Josh Smeaton

I think a side effect of is that range and in lookups will now understand expressions properly. I'm not certain of this though, it just looks like similar code paths.

In fact, I'll incorporate the test case above into this patch to check.

Last edited 2 years ago by Josh Smeaton (previous) (diff)

comment:7 Changed 2 years ago by Josh Smeaton

Nope, the linked patch doesn't alter the path at all.

comment:8 Changed 22 months ago by Tim Graham

Description: modified (diff)

comment:9 Changed 18 months ago by Matthew Wilkes

I have had the same problem, albeit with date objects. I've begun working on a patch, WIP is at

Current state is 1 failing test on sqlite (not tested on other backend) so certainly not ready for review at the moment. Posting here for visibility, as I've spoken to many of the people involved on IRC.

While working on this I've started to think that checking for expected parameter types in lookups being done by comparing their names is a bad idea, given the work done on custom lookups. Perhaps it would make sense for some of the value preparation to be offloaded onto the lookup, or at least the parsing of value data structures, to allow for richer lookups to use expressions too.

EDIT: On a practical note, I didn't intentionally unset the docs and tests parameters, they were unset on load and checking them changed the message to say that I'd changed it to checked. I guess they are newish fields?

Last edited 18 months ago by Matthew Wilkes (previous) (diff)

comment:10 Changed 18 months ago by Josh Smeaton

Cc: josh.smeaton@… added

comment:11 Changed 18 months ago by Matthew Wilkes

Cc: matthew@… added

I've added a WIP pull request at

Any feedback on what additional testing would be required as well as on my general approach would be very much appreciated.

comment:12 Changed 18 months ago by Matthew Wilkes

#16487 is another instance of this

comment:13 Changed 15 months ago by Matthew Wilkes

I have updated the PR at - I believe this is in a good state but will need re-reviewing by ORM experts.

Is this something that should be against 1.10 or 1.11 at this stage?

comment:14 Changed 13 months ago by Matthew Wilkes

Owner: changed from nobody to Matthew Wilkes
Patch needs improvement: unset
Status: newassigned
Triage Stage: AcceptedReady for checkin

The PR is against 1.11 and ready for final review. Setting to ready for check-in following jarshwah's instructions on GitHub.

comment:15 Changed 12 months ago by Tim Graham

Patch needs improvement: set
Triage Stage: Ready for checkinAccepted

I left a few comments for improvement.

comment:16 Changed 12 months ago by Tim Graham <timograham@…>

Resolution: fixed
Status: assignedclosed

In 4f138fe5:

Fixed #22288 -- Fixed F() expressions with the range lookup.

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