Version 2 (modified by Malcolm Tredinnick, 12 years ago) (diff)

Fleshing out (will the image work?)

String Encoding In Django


Django accepts and sends data to and from a number of external entities: databases, web browsers (form input, HTML output), XML syndication feeds, PDF documents... the list is quite long. Since we would like Django to be able to offer all these features to people in all locations, we need to pay particular attention to our internationalization support.

An important part of internationalization is how we handle strings inside Django and at the interfaces between Django and other applications.

This page tries to capture both what we are aiming to do internally and what we are currently doing (which might be different from the eventual goal). It is partly an attempt to get my (Malcolm Tredinnick's) thoughts down in a logical form. This stuff is very tricky and it's easy to become confused when working on the code. That happens to me regularly, so I need notes like this.

The Big Picture


Each arrow in this diagram shows an interface between the core Django framework (henceforth, Django) and applications which interact with Django. The arrow heads show the direction of the string exchanges.

For simplicity, I have written "Form Input" to represent any kind of data submitted to Django and, similarly, "Template output" to represent all of the possible data that Django can return to a client.

In the following sections, we will go over each of these interfaces in turn. The goal here is to establish what features Django can control and how it should handle things outside its control. A good understanding of these interactions is necessary in order to establish consistent internal string handling behaviour.

HTTP Input Handling

Form Input Handing

Passing Strings Between Django and the Developer's Code

Database Interaction

Talking To External Processes

HTTP Output

Template Output

Current Problems and Solution Outline

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