The content herein is a loosely structured collection of notes and links that we have found useful, not necessarily what will be supported in the future. Feel free to add in your own notes, links, and comments.
- Series 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 of blog posts by Charles Savage giving intro to GIS; choice quote from an early post: "If you feel like ending a conversation with a developer then simply bring up the topic of character encodings ... [o]r ... coordinate systems. ... So in the spirit of Tim Bray's and Joel Spolsky's wonderful writeups of character encodings, I thought I'd put together a basic survival guide to coordinate systems over my next few posts and then tie it back to Google Maps."
- More on map projections, including why people can't agree on just one (utf-8).
- geodesy the field of science for this stuff.
- PostGIS, the OpenGIS SQL Types (pdf) implementation for Postgresql
- GEOS, low-level C++ port of Jave Topology Suite, used by PostGIS
- PyGEOS, now outdated due to PCL, below, and shedloads more stuff on "python, geospatial, and the web"
- Python Cartographic Library - actively maintained, huge GIS package, GPL.
- There are direct SWIG Python bindings in GEOS 3.0.0RC1 and above. In other words, the entire GEOS API may be called directly from Python.
- GeoTypes is a type (and conversion) library for PostGIS via psycopg.
- Calculates distances using (very accurate) Vincenty, and uses the WGS 84 datum by default.
- Has utility functions for unit of measurement (UOM) conversions (e.g. meters -> kilometers, kilometers -> miles, etc.)
- Excellent GeoCoding capabilites. Has interfaces for Google, Yahoo, Microsoft Live, MediaWiki, and Geocoder.us.
- GDAL/OGR, a library for fiddling with raster geo images.
- Geo::Coder::US An excellent Perl library for GeoCoding that powers Geocoder.us. Users can create their own Geographic databases using the Census Bureau's TIGER/Line data (see below).
- GeoRosetta, CC-BY-SA licensed, quality-controlled, collection of geocoding data. Not yet released to public(?).
- MapServer: University of Minnesota (UMN) "open source development environment for building spatially-enabled internet applications."
- Mapnik: C++ and Python toolkit for developing mapping applications. Claimed benefits over MapServer: "It uses the AGG library and offers world class anti-aliasing rendering with subpixel accuracy for geographic data. It is written from scratch in modern C++ and doesn't suffer from design decisions made a decade ago." See MapNik FAQ.
- pyproj: Pyrex generated python interface to PROJ.4 library.
- Ruby on Rails
- GeoRuby: Interface for PostGIS and MySQL spatial extensions, but not sure about spatial querying.
- IvyGIS: Google-maps type displays with RoR and UMN's MapServer
- Spatial Adapter for Rails: A plugin for Rails which manages the MySql Spatial and PostGIS geometric columns in a transparent way (that is like the other base data type columns). This might have some useful techniques for when we try to support other spatial extensions other than PostGIS.
- Cartographer GMaps plugin
- TIGER/Line Shapefiles "are spatial extracts from the US Census Bureau's MAF/TIGER database, containing features such as roads, railroads, rivers, as well as legal and statistical geographic areas." This data is useful in creating your own geocoding database service. Currently 2009 is the latest release.