[PATCH] Add new (negation) lookup types (e.g., doesnotstartwith, doesnotcontain, etc.)
|Reported by:||Owned by:||Adrian Holovaty|
|Component:||Database layer (models, ORM)||Version:||master|
|Has patch:||no||Needs documentation:||no|
|Needs tests:||no||Patch needs improvement:||no|
This proposed patch adds new lookup types to the DB API, allowing negation of existing string-based lookups. (I asked Adrian about it in IRC last night, and he seemed open to suggestions.) I've only done this because I needed the functionality myself, but it seems to me to enhance the completeness of the DB lookup types (and I would have thought it would be a fairly common need.)
Seven new lookup types are added: inotexact, doesnotcontain/idoesnotcontain, doesnotstartwith/idoesnotstartwith, and doesnotendwith/idoesnotendwith.
The only difference between these lookup types and their normal counterparts, is that these turn into a "NOT LIKE" SQL statement, instead of a "LIKE".
I'm not hugely happy with the names (particularly inotexact), so if anyone has better ideas then please change them. (I know they're quite long, but the other lookup keywords seem to be chosen for gramattical correctness/readability rather than succinctness anyway.)
I added inotexact to complement iexact (as a case-insensitive LIKE), but I seem to have some problems (see below.) Also, there's no need for a negation to exact, since we already have ne.
Here's how they look in real life:
>>> polls.get_list() [How much do you like Django?, What's up?, To be or not to be., What to do.] >>> polls.get_list(question__doesnotcontain='To') [How much do you like Django?, What's up?, What to do.] >>> polls.get_list(question__idoesnotcontain='To') [How much do you like Django?, What's up?] >>> polls.get_list(question__doesnotstartwith='what') [How much do you like Django?, What's up?, To be or not to be., What to do.] >>> polls.get_list(question__idoesnotstartwith='what') [How much do you like Django?, To be or not to be.] >>> polls.get_list(question__doesnotendwith='?') [To be or not to be., What to do.]
I wanted to add inotexact to be the complement of iexact (which should be different than ne, based on case-sensitivity) but it looks like ne (at least with MySQL) is case-insensitive anyway. (?!) I don't know if this applies to other backends.
>>> polls.get_list(question__ne='what\'s up?') [How much do you like Django?, To be or not to be., What to do.] >>> polls.get_list(question__inotexact='what\'s up?') [How much do you like Django?, To be or not to be., What to do.]
Although the patch will affect the other backends, I have only been able to test it on MySQL, since I don't have access to the others. (Any confirmation would obviously be appreciated.) For the paranoid, I have double-checked that all the other backends do support "NOT LIKE" syntax: MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, MSSQL, so AFAIK they should work with this patch.