Changes between Version 13 and Version 14 of WikiFormatting


Ignore:
Timestamp:
01/28/2011 02:52:13 PM (4 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

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  • WikiFormatting

    v13 v14  
    11= WikiFormatting =
    2 
    3 Wiki markup is a core feature in Trac, tightly integrating all the other parts of Trac into flexible and powerful whole.
    4 
    5 Trac has a built in small and powerful wiki rendering engine. This wiki engine implements an ever growing subset of the commands from other popular Wikis especially [http://moin.sf.net/ MoinWiki].
    6 
    7 This page demonstrates the formatting syntax available anywhere WikiFormatting is allowed.
    8 
    9 == Font styles ==
    10 
    11 The Trac wiki support the font styles: '''bold''', ''italic'',
    12 __underline__, ~~strike-through~~, and `monospace`.
    13 
    14 {{{
    15 The Trac wiki support the following font styles: '''bold''', ''italic'',
    16 __underline__, ~~strike-through~~, and `monospace`.
    17 }}}
    18 
    19 
    20 == Heading ==
    21 
    22 You can create heading by starting a line with one up to five ''equal\\ '=' characters
    23 followed by a single space and the headline text. The line should end with a space
    24 followed by the same number of ''equal'' characters.
    25 
    26 ''Note: As of writing, headings cannot contain TracLinks.''
    27 
    28 === Example: ===
    29 {{{
    30 = Heading =
    31 == Subheading ==
    32 }}}
    33 
     2[[TracGuideToc]]
     3
     4Wiki markup is a core feature in Trac, tightly integrating all the other parts of Trac into a flexible and powerful whole.
     5
     6Trac has a built in small and powerful wiki rendering engine. This wiki engine implements an ever growing subset of the commands from other popular Wikis,
     7especially [http://moinmo.in/ MoinMoin] and [trac:WikiCreole].
     8
     9
     10This page will give you an in-depth explanation of the wiki markup available anywhere WikiFormatting is allowed.
     11
     12The ''Cheat sheet'' below gives you a quick overview for the most common syntax, each link in the ''Category'' column will lead you to the more detailed explanation later in this page.
     13
     14A few other wiki pages present the advanced features of the Trac wiki markup in more depth:
     15 - TracLinks covers all the possible ways to refer precisely to any Trac resource or parts thereof,
     16 - WikiPageNames talks about the various names a wiki page can take, CamelCase or not
     17 - WikiMacros lists the macros available for generating dynamic content,
     18 - WikiProcessors and WikiHtml details how parts of the wiki text can be processed in special ways
     19
     20
     21== Cheat sheet ==
     22
     23||= '''Category''' =||= '''Wiki Markup''' =||= '''Display''' =||
     24|-----------------------------------------------------------
     25{{{#!th rowspan=3
     26[#FontStyles Font Styles]
     27}}}
     28|| `'''bold'''`, `''italic''`, `'''''Wikipedia style'''''` || \
     29|| '''bold''', ''italic'', '''''Wikipedia style''''' ||
     30|| {{{`monospaced and ''nowiki''`}}} || \
     31|| `monospaced and nowiki` ||
     32|| `**bold**`, `//italic//`, `**//!WikiCreole style//**` || \
     33|| **bold**, //italic//, **//!WikiCreole style//** ||
     34|-----------------------------------------------------------
     35||= [#Headings Headings] =||\
     36{{{#!td
     37 {{{
     38 == Level 2 ==
     39 === Level 3 ^([#hn note])^
     40 }}}
     41}}}
     42{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     43== Level 2
     44=== Level 3 ^([#hn note])^
     45}}}
     46|-----------------------------------------------------------
     47||= [#Paragraphs Paragraphs]  =||\
     48{{{#!td
     49 {{{
     50 First paragraph
     51 on multiple lines.
     52
     53 Second paragraph.
     54 }}}
     55}}}
     56{{{#!td
     57First paragraph
     58on multiple lines.
     59
     60Second paragraph.
     61}}}
     62|-----------------------------------------------------------
     63||= [#Lists Lists] =||\
     64{{{#!td
     65 {{{
     66 * bullets list
     67   on multiple paragraphs
     68   1. nested list
     69     a. different numbering
     70        styles
     71 }}}
     72}}}
     73{{{#!td
     74* bullets list
     75  on multiple paragraphs
     76  1. nested list
     77    a. different numbering
     78       styles
     79}}}
     80|-----------------------------------------------------------
     81{{{#!th
     82[#DefinitionLists Definition Lists]
     83}}}
     84{{{#!td
     85 {{{
     86  term:: definition on
     87         multiple paragraphs
     88 }}}
     89}}}
     90{{{#!td
     91 term:: definition on
     92        multiple paragraphs
     93}}}
     94|-----------------------------------------------------------
     95||= [#PreformattedText Preformatted Text] =||\
     96{{{#!td
     97 {{{
     98 {{{
     99 multiple lines, ''no wiki''
     100       white space respected
     101 }}}
     102 }}}
     103}}}
     104{{{#!td
     105 {{{
     106 multiple lines, ''no wiki''
     107       white space respected
     108 }}}
     109}}}
     110|-----------------------------------------------------------
     111||= [#Blockquotes Blockquotes] =||\
     112{{{#!td
     113 {{{
     114   if there's some leading
     115   space the text is quoted
     116 }}}
     117}}}
     118{{{#!td
     119 if there's some leading
     120 space the text is quoted
     121}}}
     122|-----------------------------------------------------------
     123||= [#DiscussionCitations Discussion Citations] =||\
     124{{{#!td
     125 {{{
     126 >> ... (I said)
     127 > (he replied)
     128 }}}
     129}}}
     130{{{#!td
     131>>... (I said)
     132> (he replied)
     133}}}
     134|-----------------------------------------------------------
     135||= [#Tables Tables] =||\
     136{{{#!td
     137 {{{
     138 ||= Table Header =|| Cell ||
     139 ||||  (details below)  ||
     140 }}}
     141}}}
     142{{{#!td
     143||= Table Header =|| Cell ||
     144||||  (details below)  ||
     145}}}
     146|-----------------------------------------------------------
     147{{{#!th rowspan=2
     148[#Links Links]
     149}}}
     150|| `http://trac.edgewall.org` ||\
     151|| http://trac.edgewall.org ||
     152|| `WikiFormatting (CamelCase)` ||\
     153|| WikiFormatting (CamelCase) ||
     154|-----------------------------------------------------------
     155{{{#!th rowspan=5
     156[#TracLinks TracLinks]
     157}}}
     158|| `wiki:WikiFormatting`, `wiki:"WikiFormatting"` ||\
     159|| wiki:WikiFormatting, wiki:"WikiFormatting" ||
     160|| `#1 (ticket)`, `[1] (changeset)`, `{1} (report)` ||\
     161|| #1 (ticket), [1] (changeset), {1} (report) ||
     162|| `ticket:1, ticket:1#comment:1` ||\
     163|| ticket:1, ticket:1#comment:1 ||
     164|| `Ticket [ticket:1]`, `[ticket:1 ticket one]` ||\
     165|| Ticket [ticket:1], [ticket:1 ticket one] ||
     166|| `Ticket [[ticket:1]]`, `[[ticket:1|ticket one]]` ||\
     167|| Ticket [[ticket:1]], [[ticket:1|ticket one]] ||
     168|-----------------------------------------------------------
     169{{{#!th rowspan=2
     170[#SettingAnchors Setting Anchors]
     171}}}
     172|| `[=#point1 (1)] First...` ||\
     173|| [=#point1 (1)] First... ||
     174|| `see [#point1 (1)]` ||\
     175|| see [#point1 (1)] ||
     176|-----------------------------------------------------------
     177{{{#!th rowspan=2
     178[#EscapingLinksandWikiPageNames Escaping Markup]
     179}}}
     180|| `!'' doubled quotes` ||\
     181|| !'' doubled quotes ||
     182|| `!wiki:WikiFormatting`, `!WikiFormatting` ||\
     183|| !wiki:WikiFormatting, !WikiFormatting ||
     184|-----------------------------------------------------------
     185||= [#Images Images] =|| `[[Image(`''link''`)]]` || [[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]] ||
     186|-----------------------------------------------------------
     187{{{#!th rowspan=2
     188[#Macros Macros]
     189}}}
     190|| `[[MacroList(*)]]` ||  ''(short list of all available macros)''  ||
     191|| `[[Image?]]` ||  ''(help for the Image macro)''  ||
     192|-----------------------------------------------------------
     193||= [#Processors Processors] =||\
     194{{{#!td
     195 {{{
     196 {{{
     197 #!div style="font-size: 80%"
     198 Code highlighting:
     199   {{{#!python
     200   hello = lambda: "world"
     201   }}}
     202 }}}
     203 }}}
     204}}}
     205{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     206 {{{
     207 #!div style="font-size: 80%"
     208 Code highlighting:
     209   {{{#!python
     210   hello = lambda: "world"
     211   }}}
     212 }}}
     213}}}
     214|-----------------------------------------------------------
     215||= [#Comments Comments] =||\
     216{{{#!td
     217 {{{
     218 {{{#!comment
     219 Note to Editors: ...
     220 }}}
     221 }}}
     222}}}
     223{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     224 {{{#!comment
     225 Note to Editors: ...
     226 }}}
     227}}}
     228|-----------------------------------------------------------
     229||= [#Miscellaneous Miscellaneous] =||\
     230{{{#!td
     231 {{{
     232 Line [[br]] break
     233 Line \\ break
     234 ----
     235 }}}
     236}}}
     237{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     238Line [[br]] break
     239Line \\ break
     240----
     241}}}
     242
     243
     244== Font Styles ==
     245
     246The Trac wiki supports the following font styles:
     247||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     248{{{#!td
     249  {{{
     250   * '''bold''',
     251     ''' triple quotes !'''
     252     can be bold too if prefixed by ! ''',
     253   * ''italic''
     254   * '''''bold italic''''' or ''italic and
     255     ''' italic bold ''' ''
     256   * __underline__
     257   * {{{monospace}}} or `monospace`
     258     (hence `{{{` or {{{`}}} quoting)
     259   * ~~strike-through~~
     260   * ^superscript^
     261   * ,,subscript,,
     262   * **also bold**, //italic as well//,
     263     and **'' bold italic **'' //(since 0.12)//
     264  }}}
     265}}}
     266{{{#!td
     267 * '''bold''',
     268   ''' triple quotes !'''
     269   can be bold too if prefixed by ! ''',
     270 * ''italic''
     271 * '''''bold italic''''' or ''italic and
     272   ''' italic bold ''' ''
     273 * __underline__
     274 * {{{monospace}}} or `monospace`
     275   (hence `{{{` or {{{`}}} quoting)
     276 * ~~strike-through~~
     277 * ^superscript^
     278 * ,,subscript,,
     279 * **also bold**, //italic as well//,
     280   and **'' bold italic **'' //(since 0.12)//
     281}}}
     282
     283Notes:
     284 * `{{{...}}}` and {{{`...`}}} commands not only select a monospace font, but also treat their content as verbatim text, meaning that no further wiki processing is done on this text.
     285 * {{{ ! }}} tells wiki parser to not take the following characters as wiki format, so pay attention to put a space after !, e.g. when ending bold.
     286 * all the font styles marks have to be used in opening/closing pairs,
     287   and they must nest properly (in particular, an `''` italic can't be paired
     288   with a `//` one, and `'''` can't be paired with `**`)
     289
     290
     291== Headings ==
     292
     293You can create heading by starting a line with one up to six ''equal'' characters ("=")
     294followed by a single space and the headline text.
     295
     296[=#hn] The headline text can be followed by the same number of "=" characters, but this is no longer mandatory.
     297
     298Finally, the heading might optionally be followed by an explicit id. If not, an implicit but nevertheless readable id will be generated.
     299
     300||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     301{{{#!td
     302  {{{
     303  = Heading =
     304  == Subheading
     305  === About ''this'' ===
     306  === Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
     307  == Subheading #sub2
     308}}}
     309}}}
     310{{{#!td style="padding: 1em;"
     311  {{{
     312  #!div
     313  == Subheading
     314  === About ''this'' ===
     315  === Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
     316  == Subheading #sub2
     317  }}}
     318}}}
    34319
    35320== Paragraphs ==
    36321
    37 A new text paragraph is created whenever two blocks of text are separated
    38 by one or more empty lines.
     322A new text paragraph is created whenever two blocks of text are separated by one or more empty lines.
    39323
    40324A forced line break can also be inserted, using:
    41 {{{
    42 Line 1[[BR]]Line 2
    43 }}}
    44 Display:
    45 
    46 Line 1[[BR]]Line 2
    47 
    48   Text paragraphs can be indented by starting the lines with two or more spaces.
     325||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     326{{{#!td
     327  {{{
     328  Line 1[[BR]]Line 2
     329  }}}
     330  {{{
     331  Paragraph
     332  one
     333
     334  Paragraph
     335  two
     336  }}}
     337}}}
     338{{{#!td
     339  Line 1[[BR]]Line 2
     340
     341  Paragraph
     342  one
     343
     344  Paragraph
     345  two
     346}}}
    49347
    50348== Lists ==
     349
    51350The wiki supports both ordered/numbered and unordered lists.
    52351
    53352Example:
    54 {{{
     353||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     354{{{#!td
     355  {{{
     356   * Item 1
     357     * Item 1.1
     358        * Item 1.1.1   
     359        * Item 1.1.2
     360        * Item 1.1.3
     361     * Item 1.2
     362   * Item 2
     363  - items can start at the beginning of a line
     364    and they can span multiple lines
     365    - be careful though to continue the line
     366    with the appropriate indentation, otherwise
     367  that will start a new paragraph...
     368 
     369   1. Item 1
     370     a. Item 1.a
     371     a. Item 1.b
     372        i. Item 1.b.i
     373        i. Item 1.b.ii
     374   1. Item 2
     375  And numbered lists can also be restarted
     376  with an explicit number:
     377   3. Item 3
     378  }}}
     379}}}
     380{{{#!td
    55381 * Item 1
    56382   * Item 1.1
     383      * Item 1.1.1   
     384      * Item 1.1.2
     385      * Item 1.1.3
     386   * Item 1.2
    57387 * Item 2
     388- items can start at the beginning of a line
     389  and they can span multiple lines
     390  - be careful though to continue the line
     391  with the appropriate indentation, otherwise
     392that will start a new paragraph...
    58393
    59394 1. Item 1
    60    1. Item 1.1
     395   a. Item 1.a
     396   a. Item 1.b
     397      i. Item 1.b.i
     398      i. Item 1.b.ii
    61399 1. Item 2
    62 }}}
    63 Display:
    64  * Item 1
    65    * Item 1.1
    66  * Item 2
    67 
    68  1. Item 1
    69    1. Item 1.1
    70  1. Item 2
    71 
    72 == Preformatted text ==
    73 Block quotes, preformatted text, are suitable for source code snippets, notes and examples. Use three ''curly braces'' wrapped around the text to define a block quote:
     400And numbered lists can also be restarted with an explicit number:
     401 3. Item 3
     402}}}
     403
     404
     405== Definition Lists ==
     406
     407The wiki also supports definition lists.
     408
     409||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     410{{{#!td
     411  {{{
     412   llama::
     413     some kind of mammal, with hair
     414   ppython::
     415     some kind of reptile, without hair
     416     (can you spot the typo?)
     417  }}}
     418}}}
     419{{{#!td
     420 llama::
     421   some kind of mammal, with hair
     422 ppython::
     423   some kind of reptile, without hair
     424   (can you spot the typo?)
     425}}}
     426
     427Note that you need a space in front of the defined term.
     428
     429
     430== Preformatted Text ==
     431
     432Block containing preformatted text are suitable for source code snippets, notes and examples. Use three ''curly braces'' wrapped around the text to define a block quote. The curly braces need to be on a separate line.
    74433 
    75 Example:
     434||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     435{{{#!td
     436  {{{
     437  {{{
     438  def HelloWorld():
     439      print '''Hello World'''
     440  }}}
     441  }}}
     442}}}
     443{{{#!td
     444  {{{
     445  def HelloWorld():
     446      print '''Hello World'''
     447  }}}
     448}}}
     449
     450Note that this kind of block is also used for selecting lines that should be processed through WikiProcessors.
     451
     452== Blockquotes ==
     453
     454In order to mark a paragraph as blockquote, indent that paragraph with two spaces.
     455
     456||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     457{{{#!td
    76458{{{
    77  {{{
    78   def HelloWorld()
    79       print "Hello World"
    80  }}}
    81 }}}
    82 
    83 Display:
    84 {{{
    85  def HelloWorld()
    86      print "Hello World"
    87 }}}
    88 
    89 For inline code snippets, consider using backticks, which are much more readable when the document is read as plain text:
    90 
    91 Example:
    92 {{{
    93 Remember to do `super(ThisClass, self).__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)` in the `__init__` method.
    94 }}}
    95 
    96 Display:
    97 
    98 Remember to do `super(ThisClass, self).__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)` in the `__init__` method.
    99    
     459Paragraph
     460  This text is a quote from someone else.
     461}}}
     462}}}
     463{{{#!td
     464Paragraph
     465  This text is a quote from someone else.
     466}}}
     467
     468== Discussion Citations ==
     469
     470To delineate a citation in an ongoing discussion thread, such as the ticket comment area, e-mail-like citation marks (">", ">>", etc.) may be used. 
     471
     472||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     473{{{#!td
     474  {{{
     475  >> Someone's original text
     476  > Someone else's reply text
     477  >  - which can be any kind of Wiki markup
     478  My reply text
     479  }}}
     480}}}
     481{{{#!td
     482>> Someone's original text
     483> Someone else's reply text
     484>  - which can be any kind of Wiki markup
     485My reply text
     486}}}
     487
     488
    100489== Tables ==
    101 
     490=== Simple Tables ===
    102491Simple tables can be created like this:
    103 {{{
     492||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     493{{{#!td
     494  {{{
     495  ||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3||
     496  ||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6||
     497  }}}
     498}}}
     499{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
    104500||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3||
    105501||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6||
    106502}}}
    107 Display:
    108 ||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3||
    109 ||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6||
     503
     504Cell headings can be specified by wrapping the content in a pair of '=' characters.
     505Note that the '=' characters have to stick to the cell separators, like this:
     506||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     507{{{#!td
     508  {{{
     509  ||        ||= stable =||= latest =||
     510  ||= 0.10 =||  0.10.5  || 0.10.6dev||
     511  ||= 0.11 =||  0.11.6  || 0.11.7dev||
     512  }}}
     513}}}
     514{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     515||        ||= stable =||= latest =||
     516||= 0.10 =||  0.10.5  || 0.10.6dev||
     517||= 0.11 =||  0.11.6  || 0.11.7dev||
     518}}}
     519
     520Finally, specifying an empty cell means that the next non empty cell will span the empty cells. For example:
     521||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     522{{{#!td
     523  {{{
     524  || 1 || 2 || 3 ||
     525  |||| 1-2 || 3 ||
     526  || 1 |||| 2-3 ||
     527  |||||| 1-2-3 ||
     528  }}}
     529}}}
     530{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     531|| 1 || 2 || 3 ||
     532|||| 1-2 || 3 ||
     533|| 1 |||| 2-3 ||
     534|||||| 1-2-3 ||
     535}}}
     536
     537Note that if the content of a cell "sticks" to one side of the cell and only one, then the text will be aligned on that side. Example:
     538||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     539{{{#!td
     540  {{{
     541  ||=Text =||= Numbers =||
     542  ||left align    ||        1.0||
     543  ||  center      ||        4.5||
     544  ||      right align||     4.5||
     545  || default alignment ||   2.5||
     546  ||default||         2.5||
     547  ||  default ||      2.5||
     548  || default ||       2.5||
     549  }}}
     550}}}
     551{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     552||=Text =||= Numbers =||
     553||left align    ||        1.0||
     554||  center      ||        4.5||
     555||      right align||     4.5||
     556|| default alignment ||   2.5||
     557||default||         2.5||
     558||  default ||      2.5||
     559|| default ||       2.5||
     560}}}
     561
     562If contrary to the example above, the cells in your table contain more text, it might be convenient to spread a table row over multiple lines of markup. The `\` character placed at the end of a line after a cell separator tells Trac to not start a new row for the cells on the next line.
     563
     564||= Wiki Markup =||
     565{{{#!td
     566  {{{
     567  || this is column 1 [http://trac.edgewall.org/newticket new ticket] || \
     568  || this is column 2 [http://trac.edgewall.org/roadmap the road ahead] || \
     569  || that's column 3 and last one ||
     570  }}}
     571}}}
     572|-------------
     573||= Display =||
     574{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     575|| this is column 1 [http://trac.edgewall.org/newticket new ticket] || \
     576|| this is column 2 [http://trac.edgewall.org/roadmap the road ahead] || \
     577|| that's column 3 and last one ||
     578}}}
     579
     580=== Complex Tables ===
     581
     582If the possibilities offered by the simple "pipe"-based markup for tables described above are not enough for your needs, you can create more elaborated tables by using [#Processors-example-tables WikiProcessor based tables].
     583
    110584
    111585== Links ==
    112586
    113 !Hyperlinks are automatically created for WikiPageNames and urls. !WikiPageLinks can be disabled by
    114 prepending an exclamation mark (!) character, such as {{{!WikiPageLink}}}.
    115 
    116 Examples:
    117 
    118  TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/.
    119 
    120 Links can be given a more descriptive title by writing the link followed by
    121 a space and a title and all this inside two square brackets. Like this:
    122 {{{
    123  * [http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
    124  * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
    125 }}}
    126 Display:
    127 
    128  * [http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
    129  * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
    130 
    131 === Trac Links ===
    132 
    133 Wiki pages can link directly to other parts of the Trac system.
    134 Pages can refer to tickets, reports, changesets, milestones, source files and
    135 other Wiki pages using the following notation:
    136  * Tickets: '''!#1''' or '''!ticket:1'''
    137  * Reports: '''!{1}''' or '''!report:1'''
    138  * Changesets: '''![1]''' or '''!changeset:1'''
    139  * Wiki pages: '''CamelCase''' or '''!wiki:CamelCase'''
    140  * Milestones: '''!milestone:1.0'''
    141  * Files: '''!source:trunk/COPYING'''
    142  * A specific file revision: '''!source:/trunk/COPYING#200'''
    143 Display:
     587Hyperlinks are automatically created for WikiPageNames and URLs. !WikiPageLinks can be disabled by prepending an exclamation mark "!" character, such as {{{!WikiPageLink}}}.
     588
     589||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     590{{{#!td
     591  {{{
     592  TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/, !NotAlink
     593  }}}
     594}}}
     595{{{#!td
     596TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/, !NotAlink
     597}}}
     598
     599Links can be given a more descriptive title by writing the link followed by a space and a title and all this inside square brackets.
     600If the descriptive title is omitted, then the explicit prefix is discarded, unless the link is an external link. This can be useful for wiki pages not adhering to the WikiPageNames convention.
     601
     602||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     603{{{#!td
     604  {{{
     605   * [http://www.edgewall.com Edgewall Software]
     606   * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
     607   * [wiki:TitleIndex]
     608   * [wiki:ISO9000]
     609  }}}
     610}}}
     611{{{#!td
     612   * [http://www.edgewall.com Edgewall Software]
     613   * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
     614   * [wiki:TitleIndex]
     615   * [wiki:ISO9000]
     616}}}
     617
     618Following the [trac:WikiCreole] trend, the descriptive title can also be specified by writing the link followed by a pipe ('|') and a title and all this inside //double// square brackets.
     619
     620{{{#!td
     621  {{{
     622   * [[http://www.edgewall.com|Edgewall Software]]
     623   * [[wiki:TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     624     or even [[TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     625   * [[wiki:TitleIndex]]
     626     ''' but not ![[TitleIndex]]! '''
     627   * [[ISO9000]]
     628  }}}
     629}}}
     630{{{#!td
     631   * [[http://www.edgewall.com|Edgewall Software]]
     632   * [[wiki:TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     633     or even [[TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     634   * [[wiki:TitleIndex]]
     635     ''' but not ![[TitleIndex]]! '''
     636   * [[ISO9000]]
     637}}}
     638
     639'''Note''': the [trac:WikiCreole] style for links is quick to type and
     640certainly looks familiar as it's the one used on Wikipedia and in many
     641other wikis. Unfortunately it conflicts with the syntax for [#Macros macros].
     642So in the rare case when you need to refer to a page which is named after
     643a macro (typical examples being TitleIndex, InterTrac and InterWiki),
     644by writing `[[TitleIndex]]` you will actually call the macro instead of linking
     645to the page.
     646
     647== Trac Links ==
     648
     649Wiki pages can link directly to other parts of the Trac system. Pages can refer to tickets, reports, changesets, milestones, source files and other Wiki pages using the following notations:
     650
     651||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     652{{{#!td
     653  {{{
     654   * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1
     655   * Reports: {1} or report:1
     656   * Changesets: r1, [1] or changeset:1
     657   * ...
     658   * targeting other Trac instances,
     659     so called InterTrac links:
     660     - Tickets: #Trac1 or Trac:ticket:1
     661     - Changesets: [Trac1] or Trac:changeset:1
     662  }}}
     663}}}
     664{{{#!td
    144665 * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1
    145666 * Reports: {1} or report:1
    146  * Changesets: [1] or changeset:1
    147  * Wiki pages: CamelCase or wiki:CamelCase
    148  * Milestones: milestone:1.0
    149  * Files: source:trunk/COPYING
    150  * A specific file revision: source:/trunk/COPYING#200
    151 
    152 See TracLinks for more in-depth information.
    153 
    154 == Escaping Links and WikiNames ==
    155 You may avoid making hyperlinks out of TracLinks by preceding an expression with a single '!' (exclamation mark).
     667 * Changesets: r1, [1] or changeset:1
     668 * ...
     669 * targeting other Trac instances,
     670   so called InterTrac links:
     671   - Tickets: #Trac1 or Trac:ticket:1
     672   - Changesets: [Trac1] or Trac:changeset:1
     673}}}
     674
     675There are many more flavors of Trac links, see TracLinks for more in-depth information and a reference for all the default link resolvers.
     676
     677
     678== Setting Anchors ==
     679
     680An anchor, or more correctly speaking, an [http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/links.html#h-12.2.1 anchor name] can be added explicitly at any place in the Wiki page, in order to uniquely identify a position in the document:
    156681
    157682{{{
     683[=#point1]
     684}}}
     685
     686This syntax was chosen to match the format for explicitly naming the header id [#Headings documented above]. For example:
     687{{{
     688== Long title == #title
     689}}}
     690
     691It's also very close to the syntax for the corresponding link to that anchor:
     692{{{
     693[#point1]
     694}}}
     695
     696Optionally, a label can be given to the anchor:
     697{{{
     698[[=#point1 '''Point 1''']]
     699}}}
     700
     701||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     702|----------------------------------
     703{{{#!td
     704  {{{
     705  [#point2 jump to the second point]
     706
     707  ...
     708
     709  Point2:  [=#point2] Jump here
     710  }}}
     711}}}
     712{{{#!td
     713  [#point2 jump to the second point]
     714
     715  ...
     716
     717  Point2:  [=#point2] Jump here
     718}}}
     719
     720For more complex anchors (e.g. when a custom title is wanted), one can use the Span macro, e.g. `[[span(id=point2, class=wikianchor, title=Point 2, ^(2)^)]]`.
     721
     722
     723== Escaping Links and WikiPageNames ==
     724
     725You may avoid making hyperlinks out of TracLinks by preceding an expression with a single "!" (exclamation mark).
     726
     727||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     728{{{#!td
     729  {{{
     730   !NoHyperLink
     731   !#42 is not a link
     732  }}}
     733}}}
     734{{{#!td
    158735 !NoHyperLink
    159736 !#42 is not a link
    160737}}}
    161738
    162 Display:
    163  !NoHyperLink
    164  !#42 is not a link
    165 
    166739== Images ==
    167740
    168 Urls ending with .png, .gif or .jpg are automatically interpreted as image links, and converted to IMG tags.
    169 
    170 Example:
    171 {{{
    172 http://www.edgewall.com/gfx/trac_example_image.png
    173 }}}
    174 Display:
    175 
    176 http://www.edgewall.com/gfx/trac_example_image.png
     741Urls ending with `.png`, `.gif` or `.jpg` are no longer automatically interpreted as image links, and converted to `<img>` tags.
     742
     743You now have to use the ![[Image]] macro. The simplest way to include an image is to upload it as attachment to the current page, and put the filename in a macro call like `[[Image(picture.gif)]]`.
     744
     745In addition to the current page, it is possible to refer to other resources:
     746 * `[[Image(wiki:WikiFormatting:picture.gif)]]` (referring to attachment on another page)
     747 * `[[Image(ticket:1:picture.gif)]]` (file attached to a ticket)
     748 * `[[Image(htdocs:picture.gif)]]` (referring to a file inside project htdocs)
     749 * `[[Image(source:/trunk/trac/htdocs/trac_logo_mini.png)]]` (a file in repository)
     750
     751||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     752{{{#!td
     753  {{{
     754  [[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]]
     755  }}}
     756}}}
     757{{{#!td
     758[[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]]
     759}}}
     760
     761See WikiMacros for further documentation on the `[[Image()]]` macro.
     762
     763
     764== Macros ==
     765
     766Macros are ''custom functions'' to insert dynamic content in a page.
     767
     768||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     769{{{#!td
     770  {{{
     771  [[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]]
     772  }}}
     773}}}
     774{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     775[[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]]
     776}}}
     777
     778See WikiMacros for more information, and a list of installed macros.
     779
     780The detailed help for a specific macro can also be obtained more directly by appending a "?" to the macro name.
     781
     782||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     783{{{#!td
     784  {{{
     785  [[MacroList?]]
     786  }}}
     787}}}
     788{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     789[[MacroList?]]
     790}}}
     791
    177792
    178793== Processors ==
    179 Trac supports alternative markup formats using WikiProcessors. For example, processors are used to write pages in [wiki:WikiRestructuredText reStructuredText] or [wiki:WikiHtml HTML].
    180 
    181 See WikiProcessors for more information.
    182 
    183 '''Example 1:'''
    184 {{{
    185 #!html
    186 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    187 #!html
    188 &lt;h1 style="text-align: right; color: blue"&gt;HTML Test&lt;/h1&gt;
    189 }}}</pre>
    190 }}}
    191 Display:
     794
     795Trac supports alternative markup formats using WikiProcessors. For example, processors are used to write pages in
     796[wiki:WikiRestructuredText reStructuredText] or [wiki:WikiHtml HTML].
     797
     798||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     799|--------------------------------------------------------
     800{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%"
     801
     802   [=#Processors-example-html Example 1:] HTML
     803
     804}}}
     805|--------------------------------------------------------
     806{{{#!td style="border: 0px"
     807  {{{
     808  {{{
     809  #!html
     810  <h1 style="text-align: right; color: blue">
     811   HTML Test
     812  </h1>
     813  }}}
     814  }}}
     815}}}
     816{{{#!td valign="top"  style="border: 0px"
     817
    192818{{{
    193819#!html
     
    195821}}}
    196822
    197 '''Example 2:'''
     823}}}
     824|--------------------------------------------------------
     825{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%"
     826
     827   [=#Processors-example-highlight Example 2:] Code Highlighting
     828
     829}}}
     830|--------------------------------------------------------
     831{{{#!td style="border: 0px"
     832  {{{
     833  {{{
     834  #!python
     835  class Test:
     836 
     837      def __init__(self):
     838          print "Hello World"
     839  if __name__ == '__main__':
     840     Test()
     841  }}}
     842  }}}
     843}}}
    198844{{{
    199 #!html
    200 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    201 #!python
    202 class Test:
    203     def __init__(self):
    204         print "Hello World"
    205 if __name__ == '__main__':
    206    Test()
    207 }}}</pre>
    208 }}}
    209 Display:
     845#!td valign="top"  style="border: 0px"
     846
    210847{{{
    211848#!python
     
    217854}}}
    218855
     856}}}
     857|--------------------------------------------------------
     858{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%"
     859
     860       [=#Processors-example-tables Example 3:] Complex Tables
     861
     862}}}
     863|--------------------------------------------------------
     864{{{#!td style="border: 0px"
     865  {{{
     866  {{{#!th rowspan=4 align=justify
     867  With the `#td` and `#th` processors,
     868  table cells can contain any content:
     869  }}}
     870  |----------------
     871  {{{#!td
     872    - lists
     873    - embedded tables
     874    - simple multiline content
     875  }}}
     876  |----------------
     877  {{{#!td
     878  As processors can be easily nested,
     879  so can be tables:
     880    {{{#!th
     881    Example:
     882    }}}
     883    {{{#!td style="background: #eef"
     884    || must be at the third level now... ||
     885    }}}
     886  }}}
     887  |----------------
     888  {{{#!td
     889  Even when you don't have complex markup,
     890  this form of table cells can be convenient
     891  to write content on multiple lines.
     892  }}}
     893  }}}
     894}}}
     895{{{
     896#!td  valign="top"  style="border: 0px"
     897
     898  {{{#!th rowspan=4 align=justify
     899  With the `#td` and `#th` processors,
     900  table cells can contain any content:
     901  }}}
     902  |----------------
     903  {{{#!td
     904    - lists
     905    - embedded tables
     906    - simple multiline content
     907  }}}
     908  |----------------
     909  {{{#!td
     910  As processors can be easily nested,
     911  so can be tables:
     912    {{{#!th
     913    Example:
     914    }}}
     915    {{{#!td style="background: #eef"
     916    || must be at the third level now... ||
     917    }}}
     918  }}}
     919  |----------------
     920  {{{#!td
     921  Even when you don't have complex markup,
     922  this form of table cells can be convenient
     923  to write content on multiple lines.
     924  }}}
     925
     926}}}
     927
     928See WikiProcessors for more information.
     929
     930
     931== Comments ==
     932
     933Comments can be added to the plain text. These will not be rendered and will not display in any other format than plain text.
     934
     935||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     936{{{#!td
     937  {{{
     938  Nothing to
     939  {{{
     940  #!comment
     941  Your comment for editors here
     942  }}}
     943  see ;-)
     944  }}}
     945}}}
     946{{{#!td
     947  Nothing to
     948  {{{
     949  #!comment
     950  Your comment for editors here
     951  }}}
     952  see ;-)
     953}}}
     954
    219955== Miscellaneous ==
    220956
    221 Four or more dashes will be replaced by a horizontal line (<HR>)
    222 
    223 {{{
    224  ----
    225 }}}
    226 
    227 Display:
     957An horizontal line can be used to separated different parts of your page:
     958
     959||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     960{{{#!td
     961  {{{
     962  Four or more dashes will be replaced
     963  by an horizontal line (<HR>)
     964  ----
     965  See?
     966  }}}
     967}}}
     968{{{#!td
     969Four or more dashes will be replaced
     970by an horizontal line (<HR>)
    228971----
    229 
    230 
    231 ----
    232 See also: TracLinks, TracGuide, WikiHtml, WikiMacros, WikiProcessors, TracSyntaxColoring.
    233 
    234 
     972See?
     973}}}
     974|----------------------------------
     975{{{#!td
     976  {{{
     977  "macro" style [[br]] line break
     978  }}}
     979}}}
     980{{{#!td
     981"macro" style [[br]] line break
     982}}}
     983|----------------------------------
     984{{{#!td
     985  {{{
     986  !WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
     987  }}}
     988}}}
     989{{{#!td
     990!WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
     991}}}
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