Version 7 (modified by dobesv@…, 13 years ago) (diff)

Fix field-specific bucket support

Here's a class I created to integrate my site with amazon's storage service.

I like this because in the admin interface it looks pretty much like a file field and you can just click to upload. In theory you could integrate it into any oldforms system.

You can set a default bucket value for the entire system into your settings module or for specific fields. You can manually specify a key or let the class generate one for you.

This hasn't been tested extensively, so I invite you to contribute any fixes right here on the page. Maybe the django gods will see fit to include this right into django.

Call get_WHATEVER_url() on the object to get the public URL to view/download the given file.

Currently if you change the content type in the object, that change doesn't take effect until the next time you upload a file.

from amazon import S3
from django.conf import settings
from django.db import models
from mimetypes import guess_type
from django.core import validators
from django import oldforms
from django.dispatch import dispatcher
from django.utils.functional import curry
from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy
from django.db.models import signals
from PIL import Image
from StringIO import StringIO
import os

conn = S3.AWSAuthConnection(settings.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
generator = S3.QueryStringAuthGenerator(settings.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,

class S3FileField(models.FileField):
    def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, bucket='', is_image=False, **kwargs):
        models.FileField.__init__(self, verbose_name, name, upload_to="s3", **kwargs)
        self.bucket = bucket
        self.is_image = is_image

    def get_manipulator_fields(self, opts, manipulator, change, name_prefix='', rel=False, follow=True):
        field_list = models.Field.get_manipulator_fields(self, opts, manipulator, change, name_prefix, rel, follow)
        if not self.blank:
            if rel:
                # This validator makes sure FileFields work in a related context.
                class RequiredFileField(object):
                    def __init__(self, other_field_names, other_file_field_name):
                        self.other_field_names = other_field_names
                        self.other_file_field_name = other_file_field_name
                        self.always_test = True
                    def __call__(self, field_data, all_data):
                        if not all_data.get(self.other_file_field_name, False):
                            c = validators.RequiredIfOtherFieldsGiven(self.other_field_names, gettext_lazy("This field is required."))
                            c(field_data, all_data)
                # First, get the core fields, if any.
                core_field_names = []
                for f in opts.fields:
                    if f.core and f != self:
                # Now, if there are any, add the validator to this FormField.
                if core_field_names:
                    field_list[0].validator_list.append(RequiredFileField(core_field_names, field_list[1].field_name))
                v = validators.RequiredIfOtherFieldNotGiven(field_list[1].field_name, gettext_lazy("This field is required."))
                v.always_test = True
                field_list[0].is_required = field_list[1].is_required = False

        return field_list
    def get_internal_type(self):
        return "FileField"
    def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name):
        super(S3FileField, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name)
        models.CharField(maxlength=200, blank=self.blank, null=self.null).contribute_to_class(cls, "%s_key"%(
        models.CharField(maxlength=200, blank=self.blank, null=self.null, default=(self.bucket or settings.DEFAULT_BUCKET)).contribute_to_class(cls, "%s_bucket"%(
        models.CharField(maxlength=200, blank=True, null=True, default="").contribute_to_class(cls, "%s_content_type"%(
        models.IntegerField(blank=True, null=True).contribute_to_class(cls, "%s_size"%(
        if self.is_image:
            models.IntegerField(blank=True, null=True).contribute_to_class(cls, "%s_width"%(
            models.IntegerField(blank=True, null=True).contribute_to_class(cls, "%s_height"%(
        # Getter for the file url
        def get_url(instance, field):
            return field.get_url(instance)
        setattr(cls, 'get_%s_url' %, curry(get_url, field=self))
        dispatcher.connect(self.delete_file, signal=signals.post_delete, sender=cls)

    def delete_file(self, instance):
        if getattr(instance, self.attname):
            bucket = self.get_bucket(instance)
            key = self.get_key(instance)
            conn.delete(bucket, key)
    def get_url(self, instance):
        bucket = self.get_bucket(instance)
        key = self.get_key(instance)
        if bucket and key:
            url = generator.make_bare_url(bucket, key)
            return url
        return None
    def get_bucket(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance, "%s_bucket"
    def set_bucket(self, instance, bucket):    
        setattr(instance, "%s_bucket", bucket)
    def get_key(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance, "%s_key"
    def set_key(self, instance, key):    
        setattr(instance, "%s_key", key)
    def get_content_type(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance, "%s_content_type"
    def set_content_type(self, instance, content_type):    
        setattr(instance, "%s_content_type", content_type)
    def get_size(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance, "%s_size"
    def set_size(self, instance, size):    
        setattr(instance, "%s_size", size)
    def get_filename(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance,
    def set_filename(self, instance, filename):    
        setattr(instance,, filename)
    def get_width(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance, "%s_width"
    def set_width(self, instance, width):    
        setattr(instance, "%s_width", width)
    def get_height(self, instance):
        return getattr(instance, "%s_height"
    def set_height(self, instance, height):    
        setattr(instance, "%s_height", height)
    def get_manipulator_field_objs(self):
        if self.is_image: uploadType = oldforms.ImageUploadField
        else: uploadType = oldforms.FileUploadField
        return [uploadType, oldforms.HiddenField]

    def get_manipulator_field_names(self, name_prefix):
        return [name_prefix + + '_file', name_prefix +]

    def save_file(self, new_data, new_object, original_object, change, rel, save=True):
        upload_field_name = self.get_manipulator_field_names('')[0]
        if new_data.get(upload_field_name, False):
            if rel:
                new_content = new_data[upload_field_name][0]["content"]
                new_filename = new_data[upload_field_name][0]["filename"]
                new_content = new_data[upload_field_name]["content"]
                new_filename = new_data[upload_field_name]["filename"]
            self.set_filename(new_object, new_filename)
            self.set_size(new_object, len(new_content))
            key = new_data["%s_key"]
            if not key:
                key = "_".join((new_object.__class__.__name__.lower(), str(,
                self.set_key(new_object, key)
            bucket = new_data["%s_bucket"]
            if not bucket:
                bucket = self.bucket
            content_type = new_data["%s_content_type"]
            if new_filename and not content_type:
                content_type = guess_type(new_filename)[0]
                if not content_type:
                    content_type = "application/x-octet-stream"
            conn.put(bucket, key, S3.S3Object(new_content), 
                     { 'x-amz-acl': 'public-read' , 'Content-Type': content_type})
            if self.is_image:
                # Calculate image width/height
                img =
                width, height = img.size
                self.set_width(new_object, width)
                self.set_height(new_object, height)
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