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Version 11 (modified by erob@…, 7 years ago) (diff)

misc upgrades

Introduction

Here's a simple recipe that worked for me. It is quite inspired by the AjaxDojoFormSub example―and from this tutorial―except that this recipe is expected to use python-cjson for receiving JSON data.

My initial objective was to display validation errors without doing a page-refresh, by using JSON for carrying errors (or whatever else you could possibly imagine) back to the client browser.

The server view

First thing first, lets write the server view, as its really important to make the forms working without the use of Javascript:

import cjson
from django.http import HttpResponse
from django.template import loader, Context

def register(request):
    # Register or reports any (new)form-validation errors using JSON.
    form = ExampleForm(request.POST)
    t = loader.get_template('myform.html')
    if not form.is_valid():
       # Return JSON object containing the errors object.
       if xhr:
          return HttpResponse(cjson.encode(form.errors), mimetype='text/javascript')
       else:
          # vanilla Http response fallback
          return HttpResponse(t.render(Context({'errors' : form.errors }))
    else:
       # Do something when the form has been validated.
       ...    

The client view

Now that the server view is writtent, we could try next to arrange the client code to fit into one, unportable template chunk, however it's usually best to split the work in smaller pieces, at least for being nice to the maintainers (You). :-)

So let's move on in writing our own Dojo template, where we will make an abstraction of all our applied Dojo concepts.

Quite frankly, that part is going straight-forward, as we're only writing HTML:

<script type="text/javascript">
    djConfig = {
        isDebug:true,
        debugAtAllCosts:false
    };
</script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="/media/js/dojo/dojo.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    dojo.require("dojo.event.*");       // sophisticated AOP event handling
    dojo.require("dojo.io.*");          // for Ajax requests
    dojo.require("dojo.json");          // serialization to JSON
</script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="/media/js/ajax.js"></script>

The djConfig.isDebug parameter is important for debugging, so you should consider setting it to "true" when inspecting you're application with Firebug or something else.

Optionally, you can "bake" your own Dojo file, and substract the baked modules from the list of required modules above, so we wont load the already compiled Dojo modules twice.

Form validating w/ dojo.io.bind

Let's complete our application by writing down the core JS file, for doing some-cute-AJAX-related-things-with-Dojo:

function validate() {
    var fNode = dojo.byId('xForm') 
    var fParms = dojo.io.encodeForm(fNode)
    var bindArgs = {
        url: ".",
        mimetype: 'text/json',
        method: "post",
        preventCache: true,
        transport: "XMLHTTPTransport",
        postContent: fParms,
        error: function(type, error){
               // Handle errors for the XMLHTTPTransport here.
               alert(error.message)
               return false
        },
        load: function(type, data, evt){
              // handle successful response here
              if(type == 'load'){
                var myDiv = dojo.byId('errorBox1')
                // XXX Not sure what to do if the data is JSON or
                // something else..
                var json = dojo.json.evalJson(data)
                if(json){
                   errStr = ''
                   for(x in json){
                     errStr += x + ': ' + json[x] + '<br />'
                   }
                   myDiv.innerHTML = errStr
                }else{
                   myDiv.innerHTML = "hello, world!"
              }}
       }}
       var xmlhttp = dojo.io.bind(bindArgs)
       return xmlhttp
}

Notice the removal of the formNode parameter for postContent, and the use of dojo.io.encodeForm to parse/encode the form data in a proper format.

Limitations/Bugs

  • Usability issues: HTML 4.01 vs XHTML 1.0 strict vs No javascript
  • How to display other mimetype(s) when JSON is not used?

Notes

Add some notes here.

References

etc.

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